The off-design performance and a breakdown of the losses of a transonic turbine were determined by an analytical method that was previously developed for turbines of more conservative design. The analytically obtained performance map is compared with the performance map obtained from an experimental investigation of the turbine. The rotor hub conditions of incidence angle, relative Mach number, and reaction calculated from the analytical results are compared with those calculated from experimental data. The loss breakdown obtained for the transonic turbine did not differ substantially from that previously obtained from a turbine of more conservative design, except that large stator-exit shock losses were predicted for the transonic turbine at low speeds. The trends of the rotor hub incidence angle, relative Mach number, and reaction calculated from the analytical results agreed well with those calculated from the experimental data over the performance range. These trends indicate that, compared with a turbine of more conservative design, the transonic turbine operated over a much smaller range of incidence angle, a much wider range of rotor relative Mach number, and at a considerably lower level of reaction. Good over-all agreement was obtained between the analytically predicted performance and the experimental performance, except at 40-percent design speed, where in the analysis the stator reached limiting loading before the rotor choked. Since this discrepancy resulted from errors in the simplifying assumptions used in the analysis, it is regarded as a limitation in the analytical method as applied to a transonic turbine.